Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)

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General Description

  • water-soluble vitamin which has multiple roles in energy metabolism


  • involved in all vital functions of the body
  • important for the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates
  • part of coenzyme A, a part of one of the carrier proteins for the enzyme fatty acid synthetase, which means it is necessary for making glucose and fatty acids, the main fuels of the body
  • involved in the processing of a variety of important substances in the body, including steroid hormones and brain neurotransmitters
  • stimulates the adrenal glands and increases the production of cortisone and other adrenal hormones
  • primarily used as an anti-stress factor
  • protects against most mental and physical stresses and toxins
  • increases vitality
  • wards off infection and speeds recovery to good health
  • helps in maintaining normal growth and development of the CNS
  • helps prevent premature aging (wrinkles etc.)
  • can help prevent against damage caused by excessive radiation
  • restores colour and luster to the hair
  • combats wrinkles


  • deficiency is very rare but may be caused by malnutrition
  • average American intake is 6 mg./day
  • symptoms of deficiency include: headache, tiredness, insomnia, cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, burning or tingling sensations of hands and feet, complaints of ”hot spots”, circles under the eyes, increased tendency of infections, dizziness, muscular weakness, stomach distress, constipation, adrenal exhaustion, low blood sugar, low blood pressure, allergies and asthma, and difficult coordination.

Interactions and Toxicity: Sources:

  • royal jelly is the richest natural source
  • other sources include: brewer’s yeast, wheat germ, wheat bran, whole grains, green vegetables, peas and beans, peanuts, crude molasses, egg yolk

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