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General Description:


  • helps the body metabolize proteins, carbohydrates, and fats for fuel
  • forms part of two enzymes, pyruvate carboxylase and acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase
  • biotin is essential for gluconeogenesis (formation of new glucose) and fatty acid synthesis, two major fuels in the body
  • 3-methylcrotonyl coenzyme A is another enzyme dependent on biotin and is essential for the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids
  • important for healthy skin, hair, and nails
  • antiseptic qualities
  • used in the treatment of Malaria


  • deficiency can be caused by a high intake of raw eggs because they contain a substance called, avidin, that prevents the absorption of biotin. Note: cooking destroys avidin
  • deficiency may cause eczema, dandruff, hair loss, seborrhea, skin disorders, pallor, heart abnormalities, lung infections, anemia, loss of appetite, extreme fatigue, confusion, mental depression, drowsiness, and hallucinations

Interactions and Toxicity:


  • brewer’s yeast, unpolished rice, soybeans

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